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List of dams in India

List of dams in India
List of dams in India

What is the dam?

Definition of dam: The dam is a barrier that prevents water from flowing and helps to form a reservoir. This prevents flooding, it also helps in the irrigation water, hydroelectricity, drinking water supply, shipping, etc. Check out this list of dams in India and Details about it.

Type of dam

According to the requirement, there are several types of dams, such as: –

  • Arch dam
  • Gravity Dam
  • Arch-Gravity Dam
  • Barrage Dam
  • Embankment Dam
  • Rockfill
  • Concrete Face Rock Fill Dam
  • Earthfill Dam

Advantages Of Dams

Dams and reservoirs contribute significantly to fulfilling the following human basic needs: –

Properly designed and well-constructed dams use the accumulated water in reservoirs more frequently to meet the drinking water needs and industrial needs of the people.

Dams and reservoirs a construction can use the excess water during the rainy season for irrigation on dry land.

These types of schemes are helpful in preventing terrible danger like floods.

Electricity is produced from the water collected in the dam.

Energy plays an important role in the socio-economic development of the country. Hydropower is a cheap, clean and renewable source of energy.

The construction of the dam presents the surrounding area as beautiful as a lake, which becomes a source of recreation.

Apart from this, people can also take advantage of boating, swimming, fishing, etc. from the lake.

Problems Caused By Dams

Due to the construction of a dam on the river, the flow of river water is interrupted.

The dam splits river branches, which move the vegetation in the water.

Vegetation is submerged in the water reservoirs created in the floodplain and the soil is decomposed.

Multipurpose projects and large dams have become the birthplace of Narmada Bachao Andolan and Tehri Dam movement because people had to flee their homes due to these.

Many species of fish are killed due to the water being stagnated in dams causing damage to aquatic biodiversity.

Malaria bacteria grow in the water of stagnant reservoirs. Which increase the diseases of the people living in the area near the reservoir.

The leaves, twigs and animal corpses in the reservoir of the dam are frozen and begin to rot.

They do not get oxygen at the bottom of the pond due to which methane gas is produced which increases global warming more than carbon dioxide.

Interesting Facts About Dams Of India

Uttarakhand has the highest and largest Tehri Dam in India. The Tehri Dam is the second-highest dam in Asia and the eighth highest in the world.

The height of this dam is 857 feet (260.5 meters) while its length is 575 meters and it generates 2400 MW of electricity.

The Sardar Sarovar Dam is the largest dam in India and the second largest in the world. The Sardar Sarovar Dam located at Dabhoi in Vadodara district in Gujarat has a height of 138.68 meters and a length of 1210 meters.

One of the longest dams in the world is the Hirakud Dam at Sambalpur in Odisha. This dam, built on the Mahanadi in the year 1956, has a length of 26 km, which is the longest in the country and as well as the longest dams in the world.

Nagarjuna Sagar Dam built with modern technology is famous for its strength as well as its grand texture and beauty.

This dam built on the Krishna River in Nalgonda district of Andhra Pradesh is an important source of irrigation for Andhra Pradesh.

Nagarjuna Sagar Dam is 124 meters high and 1450 meters in length.

List Of Dams In India

Name of Dam State River
Nizam Sagar Dam Telangana Manjira River
Somasila Dam Andhra Pradesh Pennar River
Srisailam Dam Andhra Pradesh Krishna River
Singur dam Telangana Manjira River
Ukai Dam Gujarat Tapti River
Dharoi Dam Gujarat Sabarmati River
Kadana dam Gujarat Mahi River
Dantiwada Dam Gujarat Banas River
Pandoh Dam Himachal Pradesh Beas River
Bhakra Nangal Dam Himachal Pradesh and Punjab Border Sutlej River
Nathpa Jhakri Dam Himachal Pradesh Satluj River
Chamera Dam Himachal Pradesh Ravi River
Baglihar Dam Jammu and Kashmir Chenab River
Dumkhar Hydroelectric Dam Jammu and Kashmir Indus River
Uri Hydroelectric Dam Jammu and Kashmir Jhelum River
Maithon Dam Jharkhand Barakar River
Chandil Dam Jharkhand Swarnarekha River
Panchet Dam Jharkhand Damodar River
Tunga Bhadra Dam Karnataka Tungabhadra River
Linganamakki dam Karnataka Sharavathi River
Kadra Dam Karnataka Kalinadi River
Alamatti Dam Karnataka Krishna River
Supa Dam Karnataka Kalinadi or Kali river
Krishna Raja Sagara Dam Karnataka Kaveri River
Harangi Dam Karnataka Harangi River
Narayanpur Dam Karnataka Krishna River
Kodasalli Dam Karnataka Kali River
Malampuzha Dam Kerala Malampuzha River
Peechi Dam Kerala Manali River
Idukki Dam Kerala Periyar River
Kundala Dam Kerala Kundala Lake
Parambikulam Dam Kerala Parambikulam River
Walayar Dam Kerala Walayar River
Mullaperiyar Dam Kerala Periyar River
Neyyar Dam Kerala Neyyar River
Rajghat Dam Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh Border Betwa River
Barna Dam Madhya Pradesh Barna River
Bargi Dam Madhya Pradesh Narmada River
Bansagar Dam Madhya Pradesh Sone River
Gandhi Sagar Dam Madhya Pradesh Chambal River
Yeldari Dam Maharashtra Purna river
Ujani Dam Maharashtra Bhima River
Pawna Dam Maharashtra Maval River
Mulshi Dam Maharashtra Mula River
Koyna Dam Maharashtra Koyna River
Jayakwadi Dam Maharashtra Godavari River
Bhatsa Dam Maharashtra Bhatsa river
Wilson Dam Maharashtra Pravara River
Tansa Dam Maharashtra Tansa river
Panshet Dam Maharashtra Ambi River
Mula Dam Maharashtra Mula river
Kolkewadi Dam Maharashtra Vashishti River
Girna Dam Maharashtra Girana river
Vaitarna Dam Maharashtra Vaitarna river
Radhanagari Dam Telangana Bhogawati River
Lower Manair Dam Telangana Manair River
Mid Manair Dam Telangana Manair River and SRSP Flood Flow Canal
Upper Manair Dam Telangana Manair River and Kudlair River
Khadakwasla Dam Maharashtra Mutha River
Gangapur Dam Maharashtra Godavari river
Jalaput Dam Andhra Pradesh and Odisha Border Machkund River
Indravati Dam Odisha Indravati River
Hirakud Dam Odisha Mahanadi River
Vaigai Dam Tamil Nadu Vaigai River
Perunchani Dam Tamil Nadu Paralayar River
Mettur Dam Tamil Nadu Kaveri River
Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar Dam also Rihand dam Uttar Pradesh Rihand River
Tehri Dam Uttarakhand Bhagirathi River
Dhauli Ganga Dam Uttarakhand Dhauli Ganga River

List Of Reservoir in India

Dindi Reservoir Telangana Krishna River
Lower Manair Reservoir Telangana Manair River
Tatipudi Reservoir Project Andhra Pradesh Gosthani River
Gandipalem Reservoir Andhra Pradesh Manneru River
Himayat Sagar Reservoir Telangana Osman Sagar
Shriram Sagar Reservoir Telangana Godavari River
Gobind Sagar Reservoir Himachal Pradesh Sutlej River
Maharana Pratap Sagar Reservoir Himachal Pradesh Pong Dam Lake
Ghataprabha Reservoir Karnataka Ghataprabha River
Hemavathi Reservoir Karnataka Hemavati River
Tawa Reservoir Madhya Pradesh Tawa River
Balimela Reservoir Odisha Sileru River
Aliyar Reservoir Tamil Nadu Aliyar River
Chittar Reservoir Tamil Nadu Chittar River
Krishnagiri Reservoir Tamil Nadu Thenpennai River
Manimuthar Reservoir Tamil Nadu Tamirabarani River
Pechiparai Reservoir Tamil Nadu Kodayar River
Shoolagiri Chinnar Reservoir Tamil Nadu Chinnar River
Thunakadavu Reservoir Tamil Nadu Thunacadavu River
Varattu Pallam Reservoir Tamil Nadu
Vidur Reservoir Tamil Nadu
Amaravathi Reservoir Tamil Nadu Amaravathi River
Gundar Reservoir Tamil Nadu Berijam Lake
Kullursandai Reservoir Tamil Nadu Arjuna Nadi
Pambar Reservoir Tamil Nadu Pambar River
Periyar Reservoir Tamil Nadu Periyar River
Stanley Reservoir Tamil Nadu Kaveri River
Uppar Reservoir Tamil Nadu
Vattamalaikarai Odai Reservoir Tamil Nadu Odai River
Willingdon Reservoir Tamil Nadu Periya Odai River
Bhavanisagar Reservoir Tamil Nadu Bhavani River
Kodaganar Reservoir Tamil Nadu Kodagananar River
Manimukthanadhi Reservoir Tamil Nadu
Parambikulam Reservoir Tamil Nadu Parambikulam River
Sholayar Reservoir Tamil Nadu
Thirumurthi Reservoir Tamil Nadu Parmabikulam and Aliyar River
Varadamanadhi Reservoir Tamil Nadu
Vembakottai Reservoir Tamil Nadu Vaippar River
Manjalar Reservoir Tamil Nadu
Salal Project Jammu and Kashmir Chenab River
Chutak Hydroelectric Project Jammu and Kashmir
Indirasagar Project Madhya Pradesh Narmada River
Narmada Dam Project Madhya Pradesh Narmada River
Rihand Project Uttar Pradesh Rihand River and Son River

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