The ancient history of Bihar extends from back to the beginning of human civilization. It is also associated with myths and legends related to the advent of Sanatana Dharma.
It was a cultural centre of education for thousands of years to all empires.
History Of Bihar
The word ‘Bihar’ is derived from ‘Vihara’ which means a resting place for Buddhist monks but 12th-century Muslim rulers started calling this place as ‘Bihar’.
Bihar is a special state located in the eastern part of India. which from the historical point of view is the largest centre of India?
Or it would not be wrong to say that India is incomplete without Bihar.
Chiron, 11 km from Chhapra, is the most important archaeological site of Saran district (2000 BC).
Many saints were born on the sacred land of Bihar. The biggest centre of education was Nalanda University Pataliputra, Bihar’s capital, in Patna.
Ashok, Ajatshatru, Bimbisara and many other kings were born on the land of Bihar.
Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the first President of independent India, was also born in Bihar.
The Sikh Guru Gobid Singh was also born in Patna, the capital of Bihar. Even today most of India’s IAS originates from Bihar.
But due to incessant foreign invasion and poor politics. Bihar has become one of the poorest and most backward states of India.
Literacy rate in this state, which has the distinction of being the centre of education in the world, has come down from other states. and migration has become a major problem due to the lack of employment.
Different sources to know about the history of Bihar
- Palaeolithic period (Munger and Nalanda).
- Mesolithic period (Hazaribagh, Ranchi, Singhbhum and Santhal Parganas).
- Neolithic period (Chirand in Saran and Chercher in Vaishali).
- The ruin of the eight-pillared hall of Kumharrar (Patna).
- Maurya Pillar inscriptions of Lauria Nandangarh, Rampur (West Champaran) and Lauria Areraj (East Champaran).
- Secret carpet seal and coins received from Vaishali.
According to the Shatapatha Brahman, the Aryan civilization was spread on both sides of the Ganges.
According to the Atharvaveda and the Panchavish Brahmin, wanderers in ancient Bihar as ascetics called “Vartyas”.
According to the Rig Veda, the untouchables of this region called “Kikait”.
Puranas, Ramayana, and Mahabharata.
Buddhist literature such as Abhidhammapitaka, Vinayapitaka and Sutpitaka.
Mentioned about Mahajanapada in Angutara body.
Long bodies, deep dynasties, and great dynasties
Megasthenes came to the court of Chandragupta Maurya.
Fabian visited India in the 5th century AD and has described Magadha.
Hiuen Tsang came to the court of King Harsha in 637 AD and he mentions the monasteries of Nalanda.
Etshing, a Chinese traveller, has described Nalanda and the area around it.