Chandrayaan 2 Mission, a special spacecraft to explore the possibilities of life on the Moon, is a mission of India. And it is a matter of pride for Indian that Chandrayaan-2 was inaugurated on July 22, 2019, in Andhra Pradesh from Sriharikota has been launched by ISRO. And these Chandrayaan 2 current affairs details are important for government exam.
Why Chandrayaan 2 Mission is Important to India?
Chandrayaan-2 is likely to land on Moon’s surface in 48 days. Let’s look through this article that the Chandrayaan 2 mission details are finally, why Chandrayaan 2 mission is important for India? There are so many payloads in it, how it will send data and collect, etc.
What is the purpose of Chandrayaan 2 Mission?
According to ISRO, “Chandrayaan 2 moon mission” will land on the southern part of the Moon and will scrutinize this place.
It will take about 15 minutes for the vehicle to land, and it will be a very difficult moment because technically, India has never done it before. ”
Simultaneously, the amount of light and flat surface required for good landing will be found in the southern part.
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For this mission, sufficient solar energy will be found in that part. There is also hope for getting water and minerals.
Let’s know about Chandrayaan 2 Details
It is the second moon mission of India to be sent to the surface of Moon and the upgraded version of Chandrayaan 1.
Here, let us tell you that on October 2, 2008 Chandrayaan-1 was launched successfully.
Chandrayaan 1 was launched from Satish Dhawan Space Center Shri Harikota via Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, i.e. PSLV-C11 rocket.
The purpose of Chandrayaan 1 was to expand its knowledge about the moon natural satellite of the earth.
Chandrayaan 2 will be launched through a Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III M1 Rocket (India’s Most Powerful Booster).
It is worth noting that during the year 2010, it was agreed between India and Russia that the Russian Space Agency will build ‘Roscosmos’ Lunar Lander and ISRO’s construction of orbiter and rover will be manufactured by GSLV.
But, later it was decided that Lunar Lander Development will also be done by ISRO. Thus Chandrayaan 2 Mission is now a complete Indian mission.
According to ISRO, the total cost of this Chandrayaan 2 Mission is about Rs. 1,000 crores.
The cost associated with the satellite is 603 crores. At the same time, the cost of the GSLV Mark-3 is around Rs 375 crore.
Chandrayaan 2 will be equipped with a land rover and Prova and which inspect the surface of the moon to send the data and will be used to analyze the soil of the Moon.
There are three modules in Chandrayaan 2 Mission: Orbiter, Lander (Vikram) and Rover (Pragyan).
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For the first time, Chandrayaan 2 will carry an orbiter, a lander and a rover on the moon.
While the orbiter will revolve around the moon, the lander will be deployed to a specified place in the moon and deploy the rover.
Let’s study in details
Chandrayaan-2’s orbiter will be installed at a distance of 100 km from the moon.
The orbiter will have eight payloads, three landers, and two rovers.
It will be circling the information from Lander and Rover to the ISRO Center.
It will also bring the command sent from ISRO to the lander and the rover.
It was made by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited and handed it to ISRO in 2015.
There are 4 payloads on it. It will remain in a scientific experiment for 15 days.
Its initial design was made by ISRO Space Application Center, Ahmedabad.
Later it was developed by the URSC of Bengaluru. ISRO has made an indigenous lander on Russia’s refusal.
ISRO has named Lander after the founder of ISRO and the father of Indian Space Program Vikram Sarabhai.
It is a robot and weighs 27 kg and this robot will be responsible for the entire mission.
There are two payloads on it. On the surface of the moon, it will cover a distance of 400 meters.
During this, it will use various scientific experiments. Then send information from the moon to Lander.
Lander will send data to orbiter from there. Then the orbiter will send it to the ISRO center.
This whole process will take about 15 minutes. In this way, we can say that information sent from Pragyan Robot will take about 15 minutes to reach the ISRO center in India.
Duration of the mission and other facts
Duration: Orbiter- 1 year, Lander (Vikram) – 15 days, Rover (Pragyan) – 15 days
Weight: Orbiter- 2379 kg (approx), lander (Vikram) – about 1471 kg, rover (Pragyan) – about 27 kg
Total weight of Chandrayaan-2 about 3.8 tonnes point to remember as current affairs question.
Major Objectives of Chandrayaan-2
During the mission, study the elements present in the surface of the Moon to find out what its rock and clay are made of.
Try to find magnesium, calcium, and iron in minerals.
Study the structure of trenches and peaks present there.
To study the density of the moon’s surface and the change in it.
Study the thermal properties near the poles, the number of electrons in the Moon’s ionosphere.
Water on the surface of the moon, taking 3-D photos of the surface of the moon apart from finding hydroxyl marks.
Along with this, there is also the search for signs of water and also to examine the outer layer of the moon.
Chandrayaan-2 will be launched by Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark 3 (GSLV Mk III).
Chandrayaan-2 weighs about 3.8 tonnes, which is roughly equal to the weight of eight adult elephants.
India is going to reach the southernmost part of the Moon.
This will be an example of a soft landing for future missions.
These robots will take 13 different scientific instruments to study the Moon. Which includes eight payloads on the orbiter, three on the lender and two on the rover.
This mission is a completely indigenous campaign.
Delayed to ensure the reliability of Chandrayaan-2 and to be fully convinced of its success.
The moon has always been an important subject for mankind.
Always the scientists and the entire human race have the curiosity to know about the moon.
There is no doubt that this satellite is considered to be very suitable for life outside Earth.
This is the reason that space agencies from many countries have been sending their space vehicle from time to time.
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